John 16:13 Howbeit when he, the Spirit of truth, is come, he will guide you into all truth: for he shall not speak of himself; but whatsoever he shall hear, that shall he speak: and he will shew you things to come.
The Holy Spirit enables us to understand the Scriptures. But the Holy Spirit does not do our homework for us! To begin to understand the Scriptures better, we need to read them, hear them, and study them. One fairly recent poll found that 85% of the homes in the United States of America have a Bible in the home. It would be a wonderful thing if all those Bibles were being used at least every week, preferably every day. The Bible is spiritual food. We need physical food every day. We need spiritual food daily from the Bible (Psalm 1:1, 2; Acts 17:11). Yet, if the Holy Spirit really enables us to understand the Scriptures, why are there so many different opinions about what the Scriptures say? I don’t think that is the Holy Spirit’s fault. It is our fault for not doing a thorough study of the Bible. When there are two (or even more!) different opinions about what the Bible teaches, if the differing opinions are contradictory, they cannot all be right. I have claimed in my discussions and responses to questions and challenges on this site that when there are different interpretations of a Bible text or doctrine, it really is possible to iron out what the correct view or interpretation must be. To arrive at the correct answer to a question you must follow the rules of interpretation. I’ve posted my list of 23 rules of interpretation in the October 2010 archives on this site. To come up with the correct answer, you absolutely must dig deep enough into the Bible to consider all the evidence it provides on the subject. But we also must be open to the Holy Spirit’s teaching. He teaches us by means of His written word in the Bible. You absolutely cannot get at the right answer by studying Tradition! You cannot get at the right answer by studying the Church Fathers–the writings of Christians from the first centuries of the Christian Church. Their writings are valuable, but sometimes contradictory. Some of the Church Fathers are known to have been very poor interpreters of the Bible. I have been amazed in my study to see how much truth present in the New Testament appears to have been lost sight of or grossly misunderstood by even the earliest Christian writers. An example would be what was understood about John 3:5. At a fairly early period things were added by way of practice or belief that are surely not represented by anything directly taught in the New Testament. We really need to get back to the Bible and learn by proper study what it teaches.
For those who desire to DIG DEEPER into this subject:
(1) Consult the cross references given in Nelson’s Cross Reference Guide to the Bible on pages 1200-1201 for John 16:13.
(2) Consult the cross references given in The New Treasury of Scripture Knowledge on page 1219 or in Logos 5 Bible software for John 16:13.
(3) Lacking access to those two resources, consult the cross references for this passage as I have developed them as given below:
John 16:13. when he. FS96G2, +Ge 2:18. FS163. Syllepsis; or, Change in Concord F/S 701. Grammatical Syllepsis, by which there is a change in the ideas rather than in actual words, so that the concord is logical rather than grammatical. For other instances of this figure see Jn 21:12. 2 Cor 5:19. Re 17:16. The use of ekeinos, the masculine personal pronoun, surely marks the personality of the Holy Spirit. The fact that Greek employs grammatical gender, unlike English, which employs natural gender, all the more emphatically points to the personality of the Holy Spirit, since in Greek “spirit” or pneuma is neuter, and most naturally would require “it.” John’s departure from grammatical gender to indicate natural gender emphasizes the personality of the Holy Spirit. See Jn 14:26. 15:26. 16:8, 13, 14, where this phenomenon occurs. Some MSS. and authorities (Tischendorf’s 8th edition of his Greek N.T.) read os, “who is the earnest of our inheritance” at Ep 1:14, in reference to the Holy Spirit of promise, ver. Ep 1:13. Compare Ro 8:16, 26, where “the Spirit itself” reflects grammatical gender, and does not deny the personality of the Holy Spirit. See Ro 8:27, “he maketh intercession.” Spirit. Gr. pneuma, +Mt 3:16. +Jn 7:39. *Jn 14:17. *Jn 15:26. Is 11:2. Ac 10:19. 11:12. 1 J 4:6. of truth. +*Jn 14:17. is come. *Jn 15:26. Ps 68:18. he will. FS159, +Ezk 36:23. In this passage (ver. Jn 16:12-15) the verbs “shall” and “will” are repeated eleven times in these four verses, in order to impress us with the importance of the promise and the absolute certainty of its performance (F/S 263). ver. Jn 16:7, 23. +Jn 14:26. guide you. *Jn 14:26. 2 Ch 32:22. Ne 9:19. +*Ps 23:3. 31:3. 48:14. 73:24. 139:24. 143:10. Is 58:11. Mt 15:14. Lk 6:39. **Ac 8:31n. +*Ac 15:28. 1 Cor 2:16. +**Ga 5:18. Re 7:17. T#1057. *Jn 14:26. +*Ps 32:8. Ac 8:31. *1 Cor 2:9-14. Ep 4:7-15. *1 J 2:20, 27. all truth. or, into all the truth, referring to ver. 12 (De Burgh, p. 282). Jn 1:17. **Jn 8:32. 14:6, 7, *Jn 14:26. Ps 25:5. 86:11. Mt 10:27. Ac 20:27, 32. Ep 3:5. 2 Tim 2:7. 1 J 2:27. 4:2. 5:6. Re 7:17. for. Jn 3:32. 7:16-18. 8:38. 12:49. not speak of himself. or, from himself. The Holy Spirit works to glorify Christ (ver. Jn 16:14), He does not draw attention to Himself. Just as any reading of Old Testament Scripture which fails to find Christ “in all the Scriptures” (Lk 24:27n, 44) is defective, so any work or ministry alleged to be that of the Holy Spirit, which in balance draws more attention to Him, or gives more emphasis to Him or His manifestations and gifts, than to Christ, is similarly defective. Regularly studying Scripture by means of well-chosen cross references will assist the student of the Bible to maintain the necessary and proper Biblical balance in all things (+*Jn 5:39. +*Is 8:20n. *Is 43:10n. Mk 7:9. +*Ac 17:11. **Ac 20:27, 32. Phil 1:9, 10. Col 1:10. +*2 Tim 1:7. **2 Tim 3:16, 17. +*2 P 1:20n). The study of Scripture in this manner will soon reveal to earnest students any imbalance or wrong perception of Biblical truth on their part, if they are willing to take the Bible as the sole authority for faith and practice (**Ps 119:18. +*Is 8:20n). This method of Bible study is “self correcting” (2 Tim 2:15. +*2 Tim 3:16), the surest corrective for the human tendency to fall into error or go off on tangents (Ga 1:6. Ep 4:14. Col 1:23. 2:7. 1 Tim 4:16). Note that neither Jesus nor the Holy Spirit presume to speak on their own, but speak as directed by God the Father. In this, therefore, they are both subordinate to the Father (Jn 6:38n), and the Holy Spirit is subordinate to the Son. +Jn 7:17. Ge 42:23. but. Jn 5:19. he will shew. or, tell. or, report. or, declare. ver. Jn 16:14, 15, 25. Jn 4:25. 5:15. 15:15. +*Jl 2:28. Ac 2:17, 18. 11:28. 14:27. 15:4. *Ac 20:23. *Ac 21:9-11. 27:24. 1 Cor 2:6-10. Ep 1:17, 18. 2 Th 2:1-3, 12. *1 Tim 4:1-3. *2 Tim 3:1-5. 1 P 1:12. 2 P 2:1, 14, 19-21. 1 J 1:5. Re 1:1, **Re 1:19. chapters 6-22. things to come. Is 41:22. Mt 11:3. Ga 5:5. Re 4:1. 19:10.
jn 16.13 Nevertheless, when he,the Spirit of truth, is come, he will guide
you into all truth; for he shall not speak of himself, but whatever he shall
hear, that shall he speak; and he will show you things to come.
encouraging cross refs(the best commentary on the bible is the bible)
1. jn 14.17 Even the Spirit of truth, whom the world cannot receive,because
it seeth him not, neither knoweth him: but ye know him; for he dwelleth with you,
and shall be in you.
2. jn 15.26 But when the Comforter is come, whom I will send unto you from the
Father, even the Spirit of truth, who proceedeth from the Father, he shall testify of
3. jn 15.27 and ye also shall bear witness, because ye have been with me from the
4. 1 jn 4.6 We are of God. He that knoweth God heareth us; he that is not of God
heareth not us. By this know we the spirit of truth, and the spirit of error.
5. jn 14.26 But the Comforter, who is the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send
in my name, he shall teach you all things, and bring all things to your remembrance, whatever i have said unto you.
6. 1 co 2.10 But God hath revealed them unto us by his Spirit; for the Spirit searcheth all things, yea, the deep things of God.
7. 1 co 2.11 For what man knoweth the things of a man, except the spirit of man
which is in him? Even so the things of God knoweth no man, but the Spirit of God.
8. 1 co 2.12 Now we have received, not the spirit of the world, but the Spirit who is
of God; that we might know the things freely given to us of God.
9. 1 co 2.13 Which things also we speak not in the words which mans wisdom
teacheth, but which the Holy Spirit teacheth, comparing spiritual things with
10. 1 jn 2.20 But ye have an unction from the Holy One, and ye know all things.
11. 1 jn 2.27 But the anointing which ye have received of him abideth in you,
and ye need not that any man teach you; but as the same anointing teacheth you
of all things, and is truth, and is no lie, and even as it hath taught you, ye shall
abide in him.
12. jn 3.34 For he whom God hath sent speaketh the words of GOd; for God giveth
not the Spirit by measure unto him.
13. jn 4.14 But whosoever drinketh of the water that i shall give him shall never thirst, but the water that i shall give him shall be in him a well of water springing up into
14. jn 7.39(But this spoke of the Spirit, whom they that believe on should receive;
for the Holy Spirit was not ye given, because jesus was not ye glorified)
15. jn 14.16 And i will pray the Father, and he shall give you another Comforter, that he may abide with you forever;