Daily Bible Nugget #641, Proverbs 23:27

The Nugget:

Pro 23:27  For a whore is a deep ditch; and a strange woman is a narrow pit.

My Comment:

Character is all-important. High moral standards are essential. This passage may seem a bit strange for a “Daily Bible Nugget.” The reason I selected this passage is that a few weeks ago I saw a post on an atheist website which tried to mock the Bible in direct reference to this verse.

The Bible tells us that “Fools make a mock at sin: but among the righteous there is favour” (Proverbs 14:9).

The poster said he needed to know what was meant by a pit, and wondered how deep it was, so he could decide for himself if the sought-for pleasure was more rewarding than the threatened hazard of the pit.

Any careful reader of the Bible ought to know that a “pit” was used as a trap to catch animals who fell in it in Bible times.

The practical application, knowing this bit of information, ought to be most plain.

A related subject given in the Subject Index of my resource, The Ultimate Cross Reference Treasury, is “Snares of the Devil” (Deuteronomy 7:25). Another related topic is “Snares laid by sinners” (Psalm 5:9). At each topic verse many additional verses are given.

Is there such a thing as objective moral standards? Some atheists, and many in the world at large, would try to argue that there are no moral absolutes. But the fact is that there are objective moral standards, and that fact is a very good proof that God exists, for He is the author of them.

For those who would like to study the cross references for Proverbs 23:27, I furnish them below in a form more complete than they will be found in either the New Treasury or The Ultimate Cross Reference Treasury:


Proverbs 23:27

For a whore. Pro 9:15. Gen 39:10. Ecc 7:26. Hos 4:11.

deep ditch. +*Pro 22:14 (*S# H7745).

strange woman. Pro 2:16; Pro 5:3, Pro 5:4, Pro 5:20. Pro 20:16. Num 31:16. Jdg 16:4. Ecc 7:26, Jer 10:2.

pit. Heb. be-er, +Gen 16:14.


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Posture in Prayer

Every now and again I read claims by Muslims that because Jesus in the Garden of Gethsemane fully prostrated Himself, He must be a Muslim, because Muslims do that too.

This seems to me to be rather convoluted logic.

Here is some Biblical evidence that shows many different postures were employed during prayer in the Bible:

Here is a list of postures during prayer that I have noted in my reading of the Bible:
Prayer, posture during
(1) kneeling, +Dan 6:10 (T1259). Psa 95:6.
(2) sitting, Jdg 20:26 note, congregation seated. 1Ch 17:16, individual seated.
(3) standing, Mar 11:25.
(4) hands spread out, Exo 9:29.
(5) hands lifted, 1Ti 2:8.
(6) head bowed, Gen 24:26.
(7) eyes uplifted, Psa 121:1.
(8) with face to ground, Neh 8:6.
(9) Falling on face, Num 16:22.
(10) Bowing the knees, Isa 45:23.
(11) Toward the Temple in Jerusalem, Psa 5:7.
(12) Looking up, Psa 5:3.
This list is taken from the Subject Index of my book, The Ultimate Cross Reference Treasury.


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Figures of Speech in the Bible

Where to learn the meaning of all the figures of speech in the Bible.


  1. The New Treasury of Scripture Knowledge Figure of Speech Index lists all the figures of speech in the Bible. In this index the figures are listed alphabetically. The Ultimate Cross Reference Treasury is even more complete.


  1. At each verse in the Bible where a figure of speech occurs, the figure is identified, and a reference to the main entry verse is given where the figure is named, defined, and all places where the figure occurs are listed.


  1. I believe that the New Treasury is the most complete listing of figures of speech in the Bible ever compiled in English. Depending how you “count” the figures, there are well over 200 figures identified in the New Treasury.


  1. Figures of speech are used for emphasis, and are important to accurate understanding and interpretation of the Bible.

(1)        There are degrees of emphasis in the figures of speech:

(a) Simile;  or, Resemblance.  FS160A.  Psalm 1:3.  A declaration that one thing resembles another.  “He shall be like a tree.”  Psalm 1:4.  “The ungodly…are like the chaff.”

(b) Metaphor;  or, Representation.  FS119.  A declaration that one thing is (or represents) another.  Ge 49:9.  “Judah is a lion’s whelp.”  Psalm 84:11.  “The Lord God is a sun and shield.”  Mark 14:22n.  “this is (or represents) my body.”  John 10:9.  “I am the door.”  Allegory is continued or extended metaphor, FS7, +Ge 4:24.

(c) Hypocatastasis; or, Implication.  FS103.  Ge 3:13.  Serpent.  John 2:19.  Temple.  Luke 13:32.  “that fox.”  Note that this figure as used in John 2:19 is important to the defense of the doctrine of the bodily resurrection of Christ.

(2)        A figure of speech may be a powerful aid to defending a doctrine.

(a)  Hendiadys;  or, Two for One.  Two words used, but one thing meant, involving nouns.  FS93A.  Genesis 1:26.  “image and likeness” means “in the likeness of our image.”

John 3:5.  “born of water and of the Spirit.”  Meaning:  born of water, even the Spirit.  May also mean “born of spiritual water,” where spiritual water by the figure Metonymy is put for the Holy Spirit himself (see John 7:38, 39).

Titus 2:13 n.  “the great God and our Savior Jesus Christ” or “our God and Savior Jesus Christ.”  The reference is to one person, not two.

See also 2 Peter 1:1 for the same construction.  “God and our Savior Jesus Christ” or “our God and Savior Jesus Christ.”

(b)  Hendiadys;  or, Two for One.  FS93B.  Involving verbs.  Isaiah 66:11.  “may suck…and be satisfied” means “suck to satiety.”  Matthew 13:23, “heareth…and understandeth” means “hears with understanding,” two words but one act.

(c)  Hendiatris; or, Three for One.  FS94.  Jeremiah 4:2.  “The Lord liveth, in truth, in judgment, and in righteousness” means “lives truly, justly, and righteously.”  Matthew 6:13.  “For thine is the kingdom, and the power, and the glory”  means “powerful, glorious, kingdom.”  John 14:6.  “the way, the truth, and the life” means “the true and living way.”

(3)        A figure of speech may be a powerful aid to understanding the meaning of the author correctly.

(a)  Litotes, or Meiosis;  A Belittling.  A belittling of one thing to magnify another.  FS111, Ge 18:27.  Luke 11:4 n.  “And lead us not into temptation;  but deliver us from evil.”  [Jesus is not affirming that God will lead us into temptation unless we pray to ask him to do otherwise;  the emphasis is upon prayer for deliverance from evil, or the evil one.]  Ephesians 5:18.  “And be not drunk with wine, wherein is excess;  but be filled with the Spirit.”  [Paul is not accusing the Ephesians of having a drinking problem, but emphasizing by contrast the importance of being filled with the Spirit.]

Mat 24:35  Heaven and earth shall pass away, but my words shall not pass away.

shall pass away, but. FS111, Gen 18:27, This is most assuredly the Figure Meiosis, also known as Litotes (Luk 11:4 note), involving a Balanced Sentence where the first statement is contrary to fact or reality, and is used in a contrast to most strongly emphasize what is affirmed in the last statement.

In this form of statement the last statement is frequently introduced by the word but, which helps to mark this figure (see Isa 51:6; Isa 54:10, +Luk 11:4).

Scholars can wrangle with my assertion all they please; their contrary opinion only demonstrates they have not studied the Scriptures carefully enough. I have.

Jesus does not, and absolutely could not, affirm that heaven and earth will pass away. The expressions used here are frequently reflected elsewhere in Scripture (see the preceding Parallel Passages). Surely our Lord Jesus Christ and His Jewish hearers, intimately acquainted with the Hebrew Scriptures (T1122, +**Joh 6:14), were aware of the context, for example, of **Psa 102:26 note as seen in Psa 102:28, something apparently missed by some modern scholars.

God’s Covenant Promises are absolutely guaranteed as being more sure than the promise that the earth abides forever and shall never perish, so sure are the sure mercies of David, mercies above and greater than the heavens (Psa 108:4); note carefully in the context of Psa 102:26 the statement of Psa 102:28 that the generations of “thy servants shall continue” (+**Psa 72:5) and be “established before thee”—surely the Bible writers who cite or allude to Psa 102:26 were most aware of its context and the assurance of Psa 102:28, so when Jesus states “Heaven and earth shall pass away, but my words shall not pass away,” His words are the guaranteed words of the Abrahamic and Davidic Covenants, which are more sure than the heavens and will certainly come to pass.

God Himself appeals to the promised eternal constancy of the universe (Jer 31:35, 36, 37) to affirm the absolute certainty of the “Sure mercies of David” (+**Isa 55:3).

To suggest the heavens or the earth shall literally pass away would violate the provisions of the Abrahamic Covenant (+**Gen 12:2 note) and the Davidic Covenant (+**2Sa 7:10 note), which would contradict the very character of God Himself (+*Mal 3:6), which is utterly impossible (+**Gen 18:25 note. +*Tit 1:2).

If our Lord Jesus Christ is to rule eternally here upon this earth in Jerusalem on the Throne of David forever over the whole earth (+**Isa 24:23, Dan 7:13, 14, +*Zec 14:9, +*Mat 5:5, **Luk 1:32; **Luk 1:33, Rev 11:15), then the earth as we know it will stand forever (**1Ch 16:30, **Psa 148:5; **Psa 148:6). Psa 58:8; +**Psa 108:4, +**Luk 1:32; +**Luk 1:33.




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Daily Bible Nugget #640, John 10:11

The Nugget:

John 10:11  I am the good shepherd: the good shepherd giveth his life for the sheep.

My Comment:

The Bible plainly tells us that Jesus died for our sins.

There are many, especially those of the Muslim faith, who deny that Jesus ever died.

There are many, especially Muslims and Jehovah Witnesses, who deny the resurrection of Jesus Christ.

Each of these mistaken belief systems have failed to read the New Testament and the Bible as a whole correctly.

An atheist poster recently presented the challenge, “What gives you the authority to declare what the Bible really means?” I began my participation in that discussion thread by stating that I have been studying the Bible seriously since 1953. Of course, their first response to me was that just because I have read the Bible for a very long time does not qualify me to declare what it really means. Only their response to me was much more rude than my restatement of it here.

All this to say that most people do not really know how to read well. Most people do not do very much reading at all. Even college graduates do poorly on examinations that require them to use inference skills to arrive at proper answers. I was made a reading specialist and writing consultant because students in my classes showed remarkable improvement in reading and writing. I have knowledge of these things because this has been my profession for many years.

When it comes to reading with understanding, there are rules of interpretation that must be followed. I have listed 24 of these rules in two posts in the archives on the right-hand side of this very page for October of 2010. Be sure to go there to learn what these rules are.

Back to the issue of the death of Jesus. Jesus predicted His death and His resurrection:

John 2:18  Then answered the Jews and said unto him, What sign shewest thou unto us, seeing that thou doest these things?
Joh 2:19  Jesus answered and said unto them, Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up.
Joh 2:20  Then said the Jews, Forty and six years was this temple in building, and wilt thou rear it up in three days?
Joh 2:21  But he spake of the temple of his body.
Joh 2:22  When therefore he was risen from the dead, his disciples remembered that he had said this unto them; and they believed the scripture, and the word which Jesus had said.

Joh 10:14  I am the good shepherd, and know my sheep, and am known of mine.
Joh 10:15  As the Father knoweth me, even so know I the Father: and I lay down my life for the sheep.
Joh 10:16  And other sheep I have, which are not of this fold: them also I must bring, and they shall hear my voice; and there shall be one fold, and one shepherd.
Joh 10:17  Therefore doth my Father love me, because I lay down my life, that I might take it again.
Joh 10:18  No man taketh it from me, but I lay it down of myself. I have power to lay it down, and I have power to take it again. This commandment have I received of my Father.

Luk 24:13  And, behold, two of them went that same day to a village called Emmaus, which was from Jerusalem about threescore furlongs.
Luk 24:14  And they talked together of all these things which had happened.
Luk 24:15  And it came to pass, that, while they communed together and reasoned, Jesus himself drew near, and went with them.
Luk 24:16  But their eyes were holden that they should not know him.
Luk 24:17  And he said unto them, What manner of communications are these that ye have one to another, as ye walk, and are sad?
Luk 24:18  And the one of them, whose name was Cleopas, answering said unto him, Art thou only a stranger in Jerusalem, and hast not known the things which are come to pass there in these days?
Luk 24:19  And he said unto them, What things? And they said unto him, Concerning Jesus of Nazareth, which was a prophet mighty in deed and word before God and all the people:
Luk 24:20  And how the chief priests and our rulers delivered him to be condemned to death, and have crucified him. 
Luk 24:21  But we trusted that it had been he which should have redeemed Israel: and beside all this, to day is the third day since these things were done.
Luk 24:22  Yea, and certain women also of our company made us astonished, which were early at the sepulchre;
Luk 24:23  And when they found not his body, they came, saying, that they had also seen a vision of angels, which said that he was alive.
Luk 24:24  And certain of them which were with us went to the sepulchre, and found it even so as the women had said: but him they saw not.
Luk 24:25  Then he said unto them, O fools, and slow of heart to believe all that the prophets have spoken: 
Luk 24:26  Ought not Christ to have suffered these things, and to enter into his glory? 
Luk 24:27  And beginning at Moses and all the prophets, he expounded unto them in all the scriptures the things concerning himself.
Luk 24:28  And they drew nigh unto the village, whither they went: and he made as though he would have gone further.
Luk 24:29  But they constrained him, saying, Abide with us: for it is toward evening, and the day is far spent. And he went in to tarry with them.
Luk 24:30  And it came to pass, as he sat at meat with them, he took bread, and blessed it, and brake, and gave to them.
Luk 24:31  And their eyes were opened, and they knew him; and he vanished out of their sight.
Luk 24:32  And they said one to another, Did not our heart burn within us, while he talked with us by the way, and while he opened to us the scriptures?
Luk 24:33  And they rose up the same hour, and returned to Jerusalem, and found the eleven gathered together, and them that were with them,
Luk 24:34  Saying, The Lord is risen indeed, and hath appeared to Simon.
Luk 24:35  And they told what things were done in the way, and how he was known of them in breaking of bread.

The Muslim claim that I just read stated that Jesus did not die, the resurrection never happened, and that such claims about Jesus were fabricated by His followers afterwards.

Some discussion also concerned whether anything in the Bible actually predicted the death of Jesus and its purpose.

I submitted one verse:

John 1:29  The next day John seeth Jesus coming unto him, and saith, Behold the Lamb of God, which taketh away the sin of the world.

Of course, they had no way of understanding the implications of this verse. Lack of inference skills, once again, speaking on the natural plane.

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Does Isaiah 9:6 contradict Matthew 10:34?

An atheist’s challenge:

Contradiction 101 “Bring PEACE or War?”

Isa 9:6  For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace.

Mat 10:34  Think not that I am come to send peace on earth: I came not to send peace, but a sword.


A Christian answer:

No contradiction here.

It’s all about context.

It only looks like a contradiction to those who fail II Tim. 2:15.

Ultimate peace is for sinners to be reconciled to a holy God.

Proclaiming the Truth of God in this life is divisive. It creates conflict, not peace, because the natural man does not receive the things of the spirit and is in rebellion against God and those who follow Him.

Christ was crucified to satisfy God with regard to sin, therefore He can justly give peace and everlasting life to those upon whom He will have mercy.

Yes, we really DO know the Bible and are happy to teach you.

My answer:

Of course, if you as an atheist really knew your Bible better you would be able to more carefully distinguish things that differ. You must take differences into account when you are alleging similarities.

One text you cite (Isaiah 9:6) refers to the second advent or coming of our Lord Jesus Christ.

The other text you cite (Matthew 10:34) refers to the first advent or coming of Christ.

Jesus Himself made this very clear in His conversation on the road to Emmaus in Luke 24:26.

Luk 24:26  Ought not Christ to have suffered these things, and to enter into his glory?

1Pe 1:11  Searching what, or what manner of time the Spirit of Christ which was in them did signify, when it testified beforehand the sufferings of Christ, and the glory that should follow.

Atheist response:

Thats one of the interpretation according to your christian cult but it doesnt mean its the right one. All 45,000 denomination hold its own truth

My response:

On what basis in terms of actual evidence can you make the claim that “only a LIE has different versions”? (My comment refers to a “meme” that I cannot reproduce here which showed a shelf of several popular Bible translations with the accompanying claim “only a LIE has different versions”) I have several different English versions or translations of works of great classic literature.

Just what connection does your claim of “All 45,000 denominations hold its own truth” have to do with the validity of the rule of interpretation I referenced, that when seeking to understand the Bible, “You must take differences into account when you are alleging similarities”?

Another atheist responds:

The devious duplicity of xtianity using a conglomeration of babbling philosophically twisted multi-translated completely unknown authors, except possibly Paul, who by today’s cultural standards represents corrupt morality. But you two dudes don’t want to live in today’s moral standards do you?

My response:

I reject your blanket “conglomeration of babbling philosophically twisted multi-translated completely unknown authors” statement as being devoid of any connection with reality.

The only New Testament book which is written by an anonymous (to us) author is the book of Hebrews.

And as for “today’s moral standards,” this too is too broad a designation. Specifically, what moral standards are you referring to?

[No further atheist response here: my comment might have been a discussion killer.]



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Boost the Impact of Your Outreach

I have noticed that very few individuals and churches are reaching out to their immediate neighborhood and community by helping both children and adults improve in reading.

I was asked to devise and conduct such an  outreach at a neighborhood church near the first school where I taught English and reading. The program was very successful and well-received.

It is very hard to read and correctly understand the Bible if you lack good reading skills.

You will not get all you should out of your Bible reading and study if you lack what reading professionals (like me) call inference skills.

Even college students and college graduates generally lack adequate inference skills.

Everyone can learn to read better at any age.

The Language Enrichment Program is available on Amazon. On Amazon, search for “Jerome Smith The Language Enrichment Program” and you will easily find it.

Jerome Smith The Language Enrichment Program

I developed my book to help students write better English. In the process of having my students use it, I discovered that students who used my program greatly improved in reading. Reluctant readers became eager readers. My students improved in all their academic subjects. Many students were on the honor roll because their grades improved in all their other classes.

When I was transferred to teach in a high school for gifted and talented students, I used my program to “defend” my students against other English teachers who taught traditional English grammar. Those teachers told me they could always tell which of their students had been in my class because they knew their English grammar.

My point is, my book, The Language Enrichment Program, works for remedial and reluctant readers and it works as academic enrichment for gifted and talented students.

Find it on Amazon by searching for “Jerome Smith The Language Enrichment Program.”


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Daily Bible Nugget #639, 1 Corinthians 13:7

The Nugget:

1Co 13:7  Beareth all things, believeth all things, hopeth all things, endureth all things. (KJV)

1Co 13:7  Love never stops being patient, never stops believing, never stops hoping, never gives up. (GW, God’s Word translation)

1Co 13:7 It bears up under anything; it exercises faith in everything; it keeps up hope in everything; it gives us power to endure in anything. (Williams NT)

1Co 13:7  quietly covers all things, believes all things, hopes all things, endures all things. (New KJV)

1Co 13:7  Love quietly covers all things, believes all things, hopes all things, endures all things. (Literal Translation of the Holy Bible)

1Co 13:7 Love bears with all things, ever trustful, ever hopeful, ever patient. (TCNT, Twentieth Century New Testament)

1Co 13:7  Love is always supportive, loyal, hopeful, and trusting. (CEV, Contemporary English Version)

My Comment:

It now has been several posts ago since I was doing a series on the attributes of love given in 1 Corinthians 13. Here is the link to the previous post in that series: https://www.realbiblestudy.com/?p=3466.

If we compare all eight translations above, phrase by phrase, we get a fuller picture of what the translators saw in the underlying original Greek text:

Beareth all things, Love never stops being patient, it bears up under anything, quietly covers all things, Love quietly covers all things, Love bears with all things, Love is always supportive.

Believeth all things, never stops believing, it exercises faith in everything, believes all things, [is] ever trustful, loyal.

Hopeth all things, never stops hoping, it keeps up hope in everything, hopes all things, ever hopeful, [always] hopeful.

Endureth all things, never gives up, it gives us power to endure in anything, endures all things, ever patient, and trusting.


Carefully studying and meditating on these attributes of genuine love should guide us in our behavior and direct our focus on what we need to grow in our maturity.

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Some Helpful and Unanswerable Apologetics Resources

The following is a post I wrote (on May 8, 2021) in the Logos General Forum (in a thread titled “Thoughts on apologetics and theological discussions”). It appears at the top of page four there. The thread is now “locked” because several participants “hijacked” the discussion. No one there responded to what I had posted, so I am placing it here for more to see:

I have had an interest in apologetics for many years. I have placed notes on the subject in my book, The New Treasury of Scripture Knowledge, at 2 Peter 1:16 and elsewhere throughout the volume, which most of you know is a Logos resource.

I have a printed book that is not in Logos or anywhere else that I know of that has been a wonderful resource. It is by Irwin H. Linton, titled A Lawyer Examines the Bible, published by Baker Book House, Grand Rapids, Michigan, reprinted in 1969 or 1970, a work of 318 pages.

This book has been valuable to me because Mr. Linton introduces many of the classic works on Christian Evidences. Neither his book nor the excellent resources he references are available in Logos Bible Software. I wish they were!

A few of the titles he refers to are:

The Testimony of the Evangelists by Simon Greenleaf

Evidences of Christianity by Chas. P. McIlvaine

Cause and Cure of Infidelity by David Nelson

The Conversion of St. Paul by George Lyttleton

The Resurrection of Christ by Gilbert West

Evidences of the Christian Religion by Archibald Alexander (This title is in Logos)

Evidences of Christianity by Mark Hopkins

Horae Paulinae by William Paley (I have summarized this whole book in the New Treasury in notes linked  to Acts 12:12)


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To and For and About Mothers and Their Children on Mother’s Day and Every Day


Blessings of. Psa 113:9.

Comfort of. Isa 66:12, 13.

Devotional spirit of. 1Sa 1:15. Luk 1:25; Luk 1:38; Luk 1:46. Act 16:14.

Devout. Gen 21:6. 1Sa 1:22. Mar 7:26. Luk 1:41; Luk 1:46. 2Ti 1:5.

Dishonor to, punished. Exo 21:15; Exo 21:17. Lev 20:9. Pro 19:26; Pro 20:20; Pro 28:24; Pro 30:11; Pro 30:17. Mat 15:4, 5, 6. Mar 7:10, 11, 12.

Duties of. Pro 31:26, 27; Pro 31:30.

Duty towards. Exo 20:12. Pro 1:8; Pro 19:26; Pro 23:22. Eph 6:1.

Examples of: Gen 21:10; Gen 21:16. Exodus 2:21, 2, 3, 7, 8. 1Sa 1:22. 1Ki 3:26. 2Ti 1:5. 2Jn 1:1; 2Jn 1:4, 5; 2Jn 1:13.

Gift of God. Psa 113:9.

God’s care of. Gen 49:25. Exo 21:22. Deut 7:13. 1Ti 2:15.

Grieve over wayward children. Jdg 14:1, 2, 3. Pro 10:1; Pro 19:26; Pro 29:15.

Love of. Gen 21:16. Exo 2:3. 1Sa 2:19. 2Sa 21:9, 10. 1Ki 3:26. 2Ki 4:1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7; 2Ki 4:20. Isa 49:15; Isa 66:13. Mat 2:16, 17, 18; Mat 15:22. Mar 7:24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30. Joh 19:25.

Love to. Exo 20:12. Pro 1:8; Pro 19:26. Joh 19:26, 27.

Motherhood. Gen 3:16; Gen 25:21; Gen 35:16, 17, 18, 19, 20. Joh 16:21.

Motherhood, cares of. Gen 3:16; Gen 21:16. Exo 2:3. 2Sa 21:10. 1Ki 3:26. 2Ki 4:19, 20. Isa 49:15. Jer 31:15. Mat 15:22; Mat 24:19.

Praised by her family. Pro 31:28.

Prayerfulness of, exemplified. Hagar, Gen 21:14, 15, 16. Naomi, Rth 1:8, 9. Hannah, 1Sa 1:25, 26, 27, 28. Mother of Zebedee’s children, Mat 20:20, 21. Syrophenician woman, Mar 7:25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30. Mary, mother of Jesus, Act 1:14.

Rejoice over good children. Pro 23:23, 24, 25.

Reverence for, enjoined. Exo 20:12. Lev 19:3. Deut 5:16. Pro 23:22. Mat 15:4; Mat 19:19. Mar 7:10; Mar 10:19. Luk 18:20. Eph 6:2.

Suffering of. Gen 3:16; Gen 35:16. Isa 13:8; Isa 42:14. Joh 16:21. 1Th 5:3.

To be honored and cared for. Gen 32:11. Pro 23:22. Joh 19:27. Eph 6:2.

To be obeyed. Deut 21:18. Pro 1:8; Pro 6:20.

Tribute to. Pro 31:1-31.

Wicked. Gen 27:6-17.

[From the Subject Index of my book, The Ultimate Cross Reference Treasury]

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Christian Evidences versus Evolution

from Irwin H. Linton, A Lawyer Examines the Bible:

One of the fundamental and blessed facts about the Christian religion is that it is a (and the only) fact based religion.

Our Christian faith rests on definite, historical facts and events—facts and events of such nature that if they really took place, the religion is true, and established by so direct, so strong and so great a variety of independent and converging proofs that it has been said again and again by great lawyers that they cannot but be regarded as proved under the strictest rules of evidence  used in the highest American and English courts.

It may safely be believed of all infidel [unbelieving] lawyers [and anyone else] that no one of them has ever made a careful, lawyer-like, two-sided investigation of the  claims of the “Bible and its Christ,” studying and digesting any of the great “briefs” or works on the “Christian Evidences” which gather together and sum up the proofs in support of the Lord Jesus Christ to deity and of the Bible to divine inspiration. I have never found one, and I have hunted for twenty-five years. (page 16, bold emphasis added).

In the last twenty years I have more than once, with no result, challenged large audiences to produce any man [or woman], lawyer or layman, who was an unbeliever who had ever read even one of the old classics on the Christian Evidences.

I have sometimes followed this inquiry for an instructed unbeliever by the statement that “if you do not believe the Bible, I know what you do believe. You believe in evolution.”

I have asked if there were present a man or woman who believed in this theory who had ever read a single one of the scholarly works against it—still without ever finding one such man or woman. (page 17, bold emphasis added)

Concept of the Literature of Knowledge versus the Literature of Power:

Science fits the Literature of Knowledge category because it can go out of date and must be revised or updated. The Bible and Shakespeare fit the Literature of Power because once written, such literature does not need to be updated and does not go out of date in terms of its content.


Why is there something rather than nothing at all?

Necessary Being versus Contingent Being:

Necessary Being is unchanging and eternal, without beginning (Thus, “Who created God?” is a question that is non-sensical and not relevant. This avoids the eternal regression fallacy.)

Contingent Beings have a beginning in time and are subject to change. Anything that can change for the better or worse is included in the class of contingent being.

Evolution (macro evolution) is based on the laws of chance.

The laws of chance stipulate that if there are only two options, like heads or tails, half of the results over repeated trials will be heads, and half will be tails.

There is a phenomenon in biology called chirality. Chirality is the label given to the interesting finding that living cells can be right-handed or left-handed. When studied (or synthesized) in the laboratory, cells will sort into an equal number of right handed and left handed examples.

But in nature, living cells are found, with only three exceptions, to be all left handed. Thus living matter does not follow what the laws of chance would seem to predict. That is evidence of design or purpose in the basic building blocks of nature, living cells.

Thus, the naturalistic premise of macro-evolution that life arose by chance is violated, and design and purpose is established.

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