Daily Bible Nugget #578, Proverbs 5:6

The Nugget:

Pro 5:6  Lest thou shouldest ponder the path of life, her ways are moveable, that thou canst not know them. (KJV)

Pro 5:6 So that she findeth not the level path of life: Her ways are unstable, and she knoweth it not. (ASV, American Standard Version)

Pro 5:6 She never keeps her mind on the road of life; her ways are uncertain, she has no knowledge. (Bible in Basic English)

Pro 5:6 Lest she should ponder the path of life, her ways wander, she knoweth not whither. (Darby)

Pro 5:6 she does not ponder the path of life; her ways wander, and she does not know it. (ESV)

Pro 5:6 Lest she should make level the path leading to life,
her paths are unstable but she does not know it. (NET Bible)

My Comment:

In Proverbs the father is warning his son about the dangers of associating with wayward and unstable women.

It is often the case in the Bible that warnings addressed to young men are equally appropriate for young women. Young women need to beware of the dangers of associating with or committing themselves to young men who are unstable, that is, not able to make firm decisions about their life path that would better themselves or secure a stable spiritual and financial future.

I had never noticed, until yesterday, that Proverbs 5:6 in the KJV, “her ways are moveable,” is rendered in many other English translations, “her ways are unstable.”

That means I will need to add a cross reference at Proverbs 5:6 for the words are moveable or, unstable to James 1:8,

Jas 1:8  A double minded man is unstable in all his ways. (KJV)

Jas 1:8  A person who has doubts is thinking about two different things at the same time and can’t make up his mind about anything. (GW, God’s Word translation)

Jas 1:7, 8 If you are that kind of person, you can’t make up your mind, and you surely can’t be trusted. So don’t expect the Lord to give you anything at all. (CEV, Contemporary English Version)

I noticed, many years ago, that when I was involved in a neighborhood church in Southwest Detroit, many adults were unable or unwilling to make a firm commitment to take a position of responsibility or leadership in the church. They found it very hard to make any future-oriented decisions or commitments. This seemed to be a cultural trait that was difficult to overcome or remedy. Some, over time, as they grew in grace and knowledge of our Lord Jesus Christ (2 Peter 3:18) made progress in their reliability and dependability.

Hidden away among the helpful cross references given for James 1:8 for the word unstable is the reference to 2 Corinthians 12:20, 21,

2Co 12:20  For I fear, lest, when I come, I shall not find you such as I would, and that I shall be found unto you such as ye would not: lest there be debates, envyings, wraths, strifes, backbitings, whisperings, swellings, tumults:
2Co 12:21  And lest, when I come again, my God will humble me among you, and that I shall bewail many which have sinned already, and have not repented of the uncleanness and fornication and lasciviousness which they have committed. (KJV)

2Co 12:21 I am afraid God will make me ashamed when I visit you again. I will feel like crying because many of you have never given up your old sins. You are still doing things that are immoral, indecent, and shameful. (CEV)

2Co 12:21  I’m afraid that when I come to you again, my God may humble me. I may have to grieve over many who formerly led sinful lives and have not changed the way they think and act about the perversion, sexual sins, and promiscuity in which they have been involved. (GW)

I think the key to solve this problem for any person who is serious about their faith in Christ is to gain spiritual strength from what is taught in 2 Timothy 1:7,

2Ti 1:7  For God hath not given us the spirit of fear; but of power, and of love, and of a sound mind.

2Ti 1:7  God didn’t give us a cowardly spirit but a spirit of power, love, and good judgment. (GW)

2Ti 1:7 God’s Spirit doesn’t make cowards out of us. The Spirit gives us power, love, and self-control. (CEV)

The experience of every truly saved person should conform to Titus 2:11-14,

Tit 2:11  For the grace of God that bringeth salvation hath appeared to all men,
Tit 2:12  Teaching us that, denying ungodliness and worldly lusts, we should live soberly, righteously, and godly, in this present world;
Tit 2:13  Looking for that blessed hope, and the glorious appearing of the great God and our Saviour Jesus Christ;
Tit 2:14  Who gave himself for us, that he might redeem us from all iniquity, and purify unto himself a peculiar people, zealous of good works. (KJV)

Tit 2:11  After all, God’s saving kindness has appeared for the benefit of all people.
Tit 2:12  It trains us to avoid ungodly lives filled with worldly desires so that we can live self-controlled, moral, and godly lives in this present world.
Tit 2:13  At the same time we can expect what we hope for-the appearance of the glory of our great God and Savior, Jesus Christ.
Tit 2:14  He gave himself for us to set us free from every sin and to cleanse us so that we can be his special people who are enthusiastic about doing good things. (GW)

Tit 2:11 God has shown us how kind he is by coming to save all people.
Tit 2:12 He taught us to give up our wicked ways and our worldly desires and to live decent and honest lives in this world.
Tit 2:13 We are filled with hope, as we wait for the glorious return of our great God and Savior Jesus Christ.
Tit 2:14 He gave himself to rescue us from everything that is evil and to make our hearts pure. He wanted us to be his own people and to be eager to do right. (CEV)

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Daily Bible Nugget #577, 1 Samuel 16:7

The Nugget:

1Sa 16:7  But the LORD said unto Samuel, Look not on his countenance, or on the height of his stature; because I have refused him: for the LORD seeth not as man seeth; for man looketh on the outward appearance, but the LORD looketh on the heart. (KJV)

1Sa 16:7 But the LORD told him, “Samuel, don’t think Eliab is the one just because he’s tall and handsome. He isn’t the one I’ve chosen. People judge others by what they look like, but I judge people by what is in their hearts.” (CEV)

My Comment:

Looks aren’t everything! Most of us probably have some dissatisfaction with our appearance. We ought to take everything in stride. We did not choose our parents. We did not choose where we were born. We did not choose how we look. Most of those things we have no power to change.

We should not choose our friends or our mate on the basis of how they look. Get to know people better and we will find that looks are not the key factor. It is character that counts.

For those who believe and know the Bible, we know that how we or others look in this life is not the primary issue at all. Those who are truly saved will receive a new body, a glorified body, just like our Lord Jesus Christ did upon his bodily resurrection (Philippians 3:21),

Php 3:20  For our conversation is in heaven; from whence also we look for the Saviour, the Lord Jesus Christ:
Php 3:21  Who shall change our vile body, that it may be fashioned like unto his glorious body, according to the working whereby he is able even to subdue all things unto himself. (KJV)

Php 3:20 But we are citizens of heaven and are eagerly waiting for our Savior to come from there. Our Lord Jesus Christ
Php 3:21 has power over everything, and he will make these poor bodies of ours like his own glorious body. (CEV)

This is confirmed by what the Apostle John wrote in 1 John 3:1, 2, 3,

1Jn 3:1  Behold, what manner of love the Father hath bestowed upon us, that we should be called the sons of God: therefore the world knoweth us not, because it knew him not.
1Jn 3:2  Beloved, now are we the sons of God, and it doth not yet appear what we shall be: but we know that, when he shall appear, we shall be like him; for we shall see him as he is.
1Jn 3:3  And every man that hath this hope in him purifieth himself, even as he is pure. (KJV)

1Jn 3:1 Think how much the Father loves us. He loves us so much that he lets us be called his children, as we truly are. But since the people of this world did not know who Christ is, they don’t know who we are.
1Jn 3:2 My dear friends, we are already God’s children, though what we will be hasn’t yet been seen. But we do know that when Christ returns, we will be like him, because we will see him as he truly is.
1Jn 3:3 This hope makes us keep ourselves holy, just as Christ is holy. (CEV)

These Bible truths encourage us to put our emphasis in the right place: concentrate on developing character in ourselves and recognizing character in others. We may also correctly conclude that we will recognize each other in heaven and in the new eternal kingdom of Christ here forever upon earth. I believe a proper inference may be drawn that when our Lord Jesus Christ returns for us, and makes “these poor bodies of ours like his glorious body,” that He will make our new bodies perfect like His own.


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Daily Bible Nugget #576, 2 Timothy 2:1

The Nugget:

1Ti 2:1  I exhort therefore, that, first of all, supplications, prayers, intercessions, and giving of thanks, be made for all men; (KJV)

1Ti 2:1  First of all, I encourage you to make petitions, prayers, intercessions, and prayers of thanks for all people, (GW)

1Ti 2:1 First of all, I ask you to pray for everyone. Ask God to help and bless them all, and tell God how thankful you are for each of them. (CEV)

My Comment:

Today, the first Thursday in May, is the officially designated National Day of Prayer.

I have not heard a single word about this on the national news media.

Prayer is most important. The Bible commands us to pray for the leaders in our government. At this specific time our leaders most certainly need our prayer support. I believe that we should pray that our leaders will be open and alert to God’s guidance in their personal lives and in their decisions.

1Ti 2:2 Pray for kings and others in power, so that we may live quiet and peaceful lives as we worship and honor God. (CEV)

1Ti 2:2  For kings, and for all that are in authority; that we may lead a quiet and peaceable life in all godliness and honesty.  (KJV)

Yes, even politicians need our prayer support.

This year has been somewhat unusual. Many of us are confined to our homes under “lockdown orders” because of the Covid 19 pandemic. We have been told “Stay home, stay safe.” Many businesses and workplaces are closed. Schools are not in session. Even churches are closed.

It is nice to be able to gather with other people to pray. But in this time of crisis we can still pray individually and as families for our nation and its leadership. God hears and answers prayer. Take time today and every day to pray for others. Take time today to read the Bible, God’s Word. Take time today to share your faith and what God has done for you with others as God provides the opportunity for you to do so.

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Daily Bible Nugget #575, 2 Peter 1:4

The Nugget:

2Pe 1:4  Whereby are given unto us exceeding great and precious promises: that by these ye might be partakers of the divine nature, having escaped the corruption that is in the world through lust. (KJV)

2Pe 1:4 God made great and marvelous promises, so that his nature would become part of us. Then we could escape our evil desires and the corrupt influences of this world. (CEV)

2Pe 1:4  Through his glory and integrity he has given us his promises that are of the highest value. Through these promises you will share in the divine nature because you have escaped the corruption that sinful desires cause in the world. (GW)

My Comment:

Any person who is living the Christian life according to the Bible’s standards fits the description of being a person who has already escaped from the worldly corruption, the moral decay, that is produced by evil and sinful desires.

In terms of marriage, and finding a husband or wife (to continue the discussion from my preceding post), this means never violating the moral principles taught in the Bible. In plain language, this means no sex before marriage.

It may be that in some circles such a high moral standard seems impossible, even unwise. One of my public school classes asked me a question about this very subject. They were very surprised that I would affirm the validity and possibility of such a high standard. But that is clearly the Bible standard, and God expects us to obey His Word.

Any person who is or who claims to be a Christian who has violated this standard needs to come to God through our Lord Jesus Christ and ask for pardon for this sin. Resolve from now on not to further violate God’s standard ever again in the future.

We cannot expect to experience God’s fullest blessings if we continue in known sin.

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Daily Bible Nugget #574, Proverbs 18:22

The Nugget:

Pro 18:22  Whoso findeth a wife findeth a good thing, and obtaineth favour of the LORD. (KJV)

Pro 18:22  He that has found a good wife has found favours, and has received gladness from God. [He that puts away a good wife, puts away a good thing, and he that keeps an adulteress is foolish and ungodly.] (LXX, Brenton)

Pro 18:22  Whoever finds a wife finds something good and has obtained favor from the LORD. (GW)

Pro 18:22  A man’s greatest treasure is his wife– she is a gift from the LORD. (CEV)

My Comment:

I re-shared the following “meme” today. I share this again because this wisdom is still much needed. I would add that Bible believing Christians need to be sure to marry a Bible believing Christian! And don’t presume that you can convert your mate after marriage. God may intervene and bless in that regard, but usually it is the wiser course to follow the advice found in the Bible. That may be a good subject for me to explore with a new post on my Real Bible Study site.

The Meme:

“The pain of marrying the wrong person is worse than your present fear of not getting married. Marriage is not a competition. Take your time—fall in love—nurse your ambitions—groom your relationship; because forever is too long to be unhappy. And always, always remember that it is better to wait long than to marry wrong.”


My Suggestions and Further Comment:

Proverbs 18:22

22  Whoso findeth a wife findeth a good thing, and obtaineth favour of the LORD. (King James Version)

In my experience over many years of teaching young adult Sunday school classes at various churches I have attended, I have observed that Christian young women are eager to meet genuinely Christian young men, but Christian young men are a very scarce commodity. That reminds me of Isaiah 24:6, which speaks of “and few men left.”

Young men need to develop their maturity in Christ (Hebrews 5:12, 13). The Bible tells us how to develop that maturity (study 2 Timothy 3:14, 15, 16, 17; see also 2 Peter 1:1-10).

Notice what Peter stresses in 2 Peter 1:3, 4,

2Pe 1:3  According as his divine power hath given unto us all things that pertain unto life and godliness, through the knowledge of him that hath called us to glory and virtue:

2Pe 1:4  Whereby are given unto us exceeding great and precious promises: that by these ye might be partakers of the divine nature, having escaped the corruption that is in the world through lust. (KJV)

2Pe 1:3  We have everything we need to live a life that pleases God. It was all given to us by God’s own power, when we learned that he had invited us to share in his wonderful goodness.

2Pe 1:4  God made great and marvelous promises, so that his nature would become part of us. Then we could escape our evil desires and the corrupt influences of this world. (CEV)

We must grow in grace (2 Peter 3:18), and by God’s power by means of the new nature He has given us as we abide and grow in Christ, we will “escape our evil desires and the corrupt influences of this world.”

In terms of “finding a wife,” let me stress most emphatically that young men must search in the right places. It is very highly unlikely that you will ever find a young woman that will make a good wife in a bar, a club, or other such venue. Genuine, solid, Bible-believing young women will be found in Bible-believing, Bible-teaching churches and young people’s groups. You will find the genuine article in evening services, and most especially,  prayer meetings and Bible studies.

Let me also stress that age is just a number. If a young man desires to raise a family, it will be necessary to find a young woman of the proper age.

And to do that, a young man must be established, with a viable and dependable income. Now it may be possible that a young woman will have a dependable income, and that could be a real financial blessing to the marriage.

More to follow.


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Daily Bible Nugget #573, Psalm 119:130

The Nugget:

Psalm 119:130  The entrance of thy words giveth light; it giveth understanding unto the simple.

My Comment:

Many people do not believe what Psalm 119:130 plainly declares: the Bible is understandable.

This post is inspired by a claim I read on Facebook today: “All Christians don’t understand the Bible” (Rabbi Leichem): “Reading the scriptures outside the original language is like kissing the bride behind the veil.”

Such a claim is both ambiguous and nonsense. Christians and anyone else have the option of using scholarly linguistic tools to access what is known about any aspect of the original languages of the Bible.

But the Bible itself is very clear, for it states:

Psa 119:130  The entrance of thy words giveth light; it giveth understanding unto the simple. (KJV)

Psa 119:130 Understanding your word brings light to the minds of ordinary people. (CEV)

Psa 119:130 Your instructions are a doorway through which light shines.
They give insight to the untrained. (NET Bible)

Psa 119:130  Your word is a doorway that lets in light, and it helps gullible people understand. (GW)

Simply comparing several English translations brings added insight to understanding the range of meaning included in the original text of the Bible, as I have done for Psalm 119:130.

The Bible is understandable because:

(1) It can be taught to children:

2Ti 3:15  And that from a child thou hast known the holy scriptures, which are able to make thee wise unto salvation through faith which is in Christ Jesus.  (KJV)

2Ti 3:15  From infancy you have known the Holy Scriptures. They have the power to give you wisdom so that you can be saved through faith in Christ Jesus. (GW)

(2) The Bible must be understandable, for it is profitable:

2Ti 3:16  All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness: (KJV)

(3) The Bible is understandable for it equips for every good work:

2Ti 3:17  That the man of God may be perfect, throughly furnished unto all good works. (KJV)

(4) The Bible is understandable because it is milk for babes:

1Pe 2:2  As newborn babes, desire the sincere milk of the word, that ye may grow thereby: (KJV)

(5) The Bible is understandable for it is instrumental in producing the new birth:

Jas 1:18  Of his own will begat he us with the word of truth, that we should be a kind of firstfruits of his creatures.

(6) The Bible is understandable because it is the source of faith:

Rom 10:17  So then faith cometh by hearing, and hearing by the word of God.

(7) The Bible must be understandable for it is addressed to ordinary believers, called “saints,” not to kings, priests, or religious leaders:

Rom 1:7  To all that be in Rome, beloved of God, called to be saints: Grace to you and peace from God our Father, and the Lord Jesus Christ.

(8) The Bible is understandable for we have no need of a human authority to teach us:

1Jn 2:27  But the anointing which ye have received of him abideth in you, and ye need not that any man teach you: but as the same anointing teacheth you of all things, and is truth, and is no lie, and even as it hath taught you, ye shall abide in him.

(9) The Bible is understandable for it declares itself to be plain:

Pro 8:9  They are all plain to him that understandeth, and right to them that find knowledge.

(10) The Bible is understandable for each individual is held responsible to hear and believe for himself:

Joh 5:24  Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that heareth my word, and believeth on him that sent me, hath everlasting life, and shall not come into condemnation; but is passed from death unto life.

(11) The Bible must be understandable for individuals are deemed competent to recognize false doctrine:

Gal 1:8  But though we, or an angel from heaven, preach any other gospel unto you than that which we have preached unto you, let him be accursed.

(12) The knowledge of the Scriptures incidentally noticed of the leaders and the general populace in the time of Christ demonstrates that the Bible was and is understandable:

Joh 6:14  Then those men, when they had seen the miracle that Jesus did, said, This is of a truth that prophet that should come into the world.

Here is the set of cross references for John 6:14 that I have supplied in The New Treasury of Scripture Knowledge and The Ultimate Cross Reference Treasury which confirms my claim:

This is. T1122, Joh 1:21; Joh 1:41; Joh 1:45; Joh 1:49; Joh 7:31; Joh 7:40, 41, 42; Joh 7:52; Joh 12:34, +*Dan 11:33 note. Mat 2:1, 2; Mat 2:4, 5, 6; Mat 10:15; Mat 11:2, 3, 4, 5, 6; Mat 11:22, 23, 24; Mat 12:23, Mar 6:11; Mar 6:15, Luk 2:25-38; Luk 7:16; Luk 7:19-23; Luk 9:19; Luk 10:12, 13, 14, 15, 16; Luk 19:11; Luk 23:42, 43; Luk 24:17. 18, 19, 20, 21, Act 1:6; Act 17:6, 7; Act 26:26, 27.

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Paul versus Jesus

A new poster to the “Islam and Christianity Debate Group” posted a long analysis of “The Difference between Jesus Christ’s Concept of Salvation and Paul of Tarsus’s Concept of the Salvation” (which I cite in part):

The Muslim Challenge:

Paul misled the way to salvation by excluding one of the essential elements, that is observance of the Law of Commandments. He advised only the lip service, escaping from the responsibility to keep the commandments. He wronged the concept of righteousness and faith, and misrepresented the judgement of God. To become righteous, and to achieve salvation, faith alone, is not sufficient, obedience to God’s commands is a must, but according to Paul he has a different and weird concept :

a-” For we come to the conclusion that a man is justified by faith without the works of the Law.” (Romans 3:28)

b-” It is the message of faith, which we preach, that if you confess with your lips the Lord Jesus and believe in your heart that God raised Him from the dead, you will be saved. For with the heart one believes so that he is made righteous and with the mouth confession is made for salvation.”
(Romans 10:9)

Although Jesus {P.B.u.h.} taught his followers that anyone who attains salvation, must have faith in God, and at the same time must obey the revelations of God. It is contrary to every human intellect, that the salvation can be obtained by faith, leaving aside the practical obedience to God.

However, we read in (Matthew 5:19)
“Whoever, therefore, abolishes the least significant of these commands and so teaches the people , he shall be of least significance in the Kingdom of heaven; but whoever shall observe and teach them shall be prominent in the Kingdom of heaven.”

And in (Matthew 19:17)
“If you wish to enter into life keep the commandments.”


My Answer:

In my careful and considered judgement, your understanding of the connection between Jesus and Paul is mistaken.

First, it is recorded in the Bible that Jesus Himself specially chose the Apostle Paul, as recorded in Acts 9:15,

Act 9:15  But the Lord said unto him, Go thy way: for he is a chosen vessel unto me, to bear my name before the Gentiles, and kings, and the children of Israel:

Second, I believe you may not properly understand the relationship between Law and Grace.

Jesus fulfilled the requirements of the Law. Jesus brought grace as the means of salvation, grace which is freely available to all who truly believe in our Lord Jesus Christ:

John 1:17  For the law was given by Moses, but grace and truth came by Jesus Christ.

John 3:16  For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life.

John 5:24  Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that heareth my word, and believeth on him that sent me, hath everlasting life, and shall not come into condemnation; but is passed from death unto life.

John 14:6  Jesus saith unto him, I am the way, the truth, and the life: no man cometh unto the Father, but by me.

Third, it is clear from the written record that Paul received his message or doctrine by direct revelation from our Lord Jesus Christ Himself:

Gal 1:11  But I certify you, brethren, that the gospel which was preached of me is not after man.

Gal 1:12  For I neither received it of man, neither was I taught it, but by the revelation of Jesus Christ.

Gal 1:11 My friends, I want you to know that no one made up the message I preach.

Gal 1:12 It wasn’t given or taught to me by some mere human. My message came directly from Jesus Christ when he appeared to me. (CEV)

1Co 14:37  If any man think himself to be a prophet, or spiritual, let him acknowledge that the things that I write unto you are the commandments of the Lord.

Fourth, the divine inspiration of what Paul wrote was acknowledged by Peter, who speaks of Paul’s letters as Scripture:

2Pe 3:15  And account that the longsuffering of our Lord is salvation; even as our beloved brother Paul also according to the wisdom given unto him hath written unto you;

2Pe 3:16  As also in all his epistles, speaking in them of these things; in which are some things hard to be understood, which they that are unlearned and unstable wrest, as they do also the other scriptures, unto their own destruction.


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Daily Bible Nugget #572, Titus 2:13

The Nugget:

Tit 2:13  Looking for that blessed hope, and the glorious appearing of the great God and our Saviour Jesus Christ; (KJV)

A Muslim Question:

Did Jesus Christ ever worship God?

If Jesus Christ worshipped God before, why do you call him God?

My Answer:

Because the Bible itself calls Jesus God in the original language (Greek New Testament).

Tit 2:13 We are filled with hope, as we wait for the glorious return of our great God and Savior Jesus Christ. (CEV, Contemporary English Version)

Tit 2:13 waiting for the blessed hope and manifestation of the glory of our great God and Saviour Jesus Christ, (Young’s Literal Translation)

Tit 2:13 waiting for our blessed hope, the appearing of the glory of our great God and Savior Jesus Christ, (ESV, English Standard Version)

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Daily Bible Nugget #571, Luke 24:31

The Nugget:

Luk 24:31  And their eyes were opened, and they knew him; and he vanished out of their sight. (KJV)

Luk 24:31 and their eyes were opened, and they recognized him, and he became unseen by them. (Young’s Literal Translation)

My Comment:

Sunday, the 17th of Nisan on the Jewish calendar, the First Day of the week, the Third Day since “these things were done” (Luke 24:21).

Jesus appeared to Mary (Matthew 28:1, 9;  Mark 16:9; Luke 24:10; John 20:11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18)

Jesus appeared to the Two Disciples (Luke 24:13-33)

Jesus appeared to Peter (Luke 24:34; 1 Corinthians 15:5)

Jesus appeared in the Upper Room (John 20:19; Luke 24:36, 37,  38, 39)

All told, it is most clear that Jesus was crucified on Thursday, not Friday, as must be the case if we properly account for what the two disciples spontaneously said on the road to Emmaus as recorded in Luke 24:21.

Since Sunday is stated to be “the third day since these things were done, then:

Saturday must be the second day since these things were done, and:

Friday was the first day since these things were done, so that:

Thursday MUST BE the day that Jesus was crucified, that being among the things that were done that the two disciples on the road to Emmaus were relating to the Stranger that began to accompany them, who turned out to be the Risen Lord Jesus Christ Himself (Luke 24:35).

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Daily Bible Nugget #570, 1 Peter 3:19

The Nugget:

1Pe 3:19  By which also he went and preached unto the spirits in prison;

My Comment:

What happened to Jesus after His body was placed in the tomb? There is a very interesting but largely misunderstood passage in 1 Peter 3:19 which gives us an interesting clue.

Saturday of Passion Week our Lord Jesus Christ–at least His physical body–still remained in the tomb of Joseph of Arimathea.

In terms of the Passion Week chronology, this was the 16th of Nisan, Saturday, the seventh-day Sabbath of the Jews.

And most important to understand and follow, this is “the second day since” “these things were done” (Luke 24:21).

I placed the following notes in the Ultimate Cross Reference Treasury which explain 1 Peter 3:19,

1 Peter 3:19

By which. or, By whom. FS136, +Isa 60:12, By Whom is a reference to the Holy Spirit of 1Pe 3:18 (LNT, fn f). 1Pe 3:16 g. 1Pe 1:11, 12; 1Pe 2:12 g. **1Pe 4:6, Neh 9:30, *2Pe 1:21, Rev 19:10.

he went. Note: Christ, as God, had gone, by his Spirit, inspiring his servant Noah, to denounce the approaching deluge, and preach repentance to incorrigible antediluvians, who perished in their sins, and whose “spirits” were in “the prison” of hell, when the apostle wrote; being confined there till the judgment of the great day. This appears to be the genuine sense of the passage, as it is perfectly agreeable to the whole of the context. Adding to the preceding original Note, this passage does not teach Christ’s alleged “descent into hell,” to preach the gospel to those who had never heard (Eze 16:55), as some mistakenly interpret. In this text only the antediluvians are mentioned as having been preached to: does anyone assert that when Christ allegedly went to hades to preach to the unsaved dead that he selectively preached only to those who had been living in Noah’s day in the time before the flood? Scripture positively forbids the notion that there is any second chance for salvation after death (+*Heb 9:27). Christ upon his death went to paradise, according to his promise to the dying thief (Luk 23:43). James Oliver Buswell, Jr., in Volume Two of his A Systematic Theology of the Christian Religion, p. 319, provides this translation: “…Christ once for all died for sins, the Just One for the unjust ones, in order that He might bring us to God. He was put to death in the flesh, but was made alive by the Spirit; in which [Spirit] He went and preached, in the days of Noah, while the longsuffering of God was waiting, while the ark was being built, to [the persons who are now] spirits in prison, to those who at [that] time were disobedient.” He comments, “It is evident, therefore, that Peter does not teach that Christ, during the time when His body lay in the grave, went to any limbus patrum, but rather Peter is emphasizing the fact that it was the Spirit of Christ in the days of Noah and through Noah who was preaching righteousness to those who rejected God’s grace and are lost.” 1Pe 3:22, +*Psa 16:9, 10, 11, Mat 27:52-53 x, Luk 23:34 x, Act 2:27 x, Joh 20:17, Eph 4:9-10 x, Heb 9:12; Heb 9:27.

and preached. or, heralded. Gr. kērussō (S# G2784, Mat 3:1). A different word from 1Pe 4:6; here it is “heralded”; there “evangelized” (F. W. Grant, Numerical Bible). Jesus did not do any preaching in Hades or hell while he was physically dead awaiting resurrection on the third day. There is no basis to suppose there is any reason He would do so. He preached through Noah in Noah’s day. How explain that Jesus preached in hell only to the antediluvians (those who were living before the Flood in Noah’s day): did Jesus single those out and preach only to them? If so, why? Scripture positively forbids the notion that there is any second chance for salvation after death (Heb 9:27). Christ upon his death went to paradise, according to his promise to the dying thief (**Luke 23:43 note). In a note in Lange on Rev 21:8, E. R. Craven remarks “All that the use of kērussō calls for is the proclamation of a fact or facts. These facts, in the case before us, may have been the completion of the work of the atonement, and the consequent deliverance of those who had accepted of Christ under the types of the old economy (p. 377). %1Pe 4:6, Psa 68:18, *Isa 61:1, Jon 3:2; Jon 3:4, Mar 1:45; Mar 5:20; Mar 7:36, Luk 8:39; Luk 12:3, Act 15:21, Rom 2:21, 2Co 4:5, Gal 5:11, +*Eph 4:8; +*Eph 4:9, *2Pe 2:5, Rev 5:2.

spirits. Gr. pneuma, +Luk 24:37, 1Pe 3:22, Col 2:15, +*Heb 12:23, %Rev 6:9; Rev 20:4.

in prison. Gr. phulakē (S# G5438, Mat 5:25). The wicked of Noah’s time who are, at the time of Peter’s writing, in hadēs (cf. 2Pe 2:4 and note r) [LNT, fn h]. =Gen 39:20, Isa 24:22, 23; Isa 42:7; Isa 49:9; Isa 61:1, Mat 5:25; Mat 14:3; Mat 18:30; Mat 25:36, Mar 6:17; Mar 6:27, Luk 2:8; Luk 8:31; *Luk 12:58; Luk 21:12; Luk 23:19, Joh 3:24, Act 5:19; Act 8:3, 2Co 6:5, Heb 11:36, *2Pe 2:4; *2Pe 2:5, *Jud 1:6, Rev 9:1; **Rev 20:7.

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